Judgement

AUTHORITY TO JUDGEI saw thrones on which were seated those who had been given authority to judge. (Revelation 20:4a)

The Judges – The judges are not specifically identified. John may not have been told who the individuals seated on the thrones were or else he chose not to name them. Christ had predicted (Luke 22:29–30) that the twelve disciples would “eat and drink at My table in My kingdom and sit on thrones, judging the twelve tribes of Israel,” so it would be natural to conclude that these judges are them.(1) This might explain why John did not
name them (he was one of them).

The Judged – At this point, the judged are not specifically mentioned, but include:

Anti-Christ and False Prophet – First, the beast and the false prophet will be “thrown alive into the fiery lake of burning Sulphur” for all eternity (Revelation 19:20).

Satan – Second, Satan will be cast “into the Abyss” and “bound for a thousand years,” or for the duration of the Millennium (Revelation 20:1–3). His final judgment is deferred.

Martyred Tribulation Saints – Third, the martyred dead of the Great Tribulation will be resurrected to reign “with Christ a thousand years” (Revelation 20:4).

Surviving Tribulation Saints – Finally, the righteous who are not raptured or martyred and thus live through the tribulation will realize their promised inheritance. The Jewish saints (Ezekiel 20:33–38) will be brought “into the bond of the covenant” that was promised but not yet fulfilled. The Gentile saints will receive their “inheritance, the kingdom prepared for [them] since the creation of the world” (Matthew 25:31–46).

The Judgments – These precede and lead up to the millennial kingdom(2) and should not to be confused with the Judgment Seat of Christ and the Great White Throne Judgment.

The Judgment Seat of Christ – This is where the faithfulness of the pre-tribulation Christians is evaluated, resulting in the giving or withholding of rewards. “For we must all appear before the Judgement Seat of Christ, so that each of us may receive what is due us for the things done in the body, whether good or bad” (2 Corinthians 5:10). This judgment occurs in Heaven while the Tribulation is taking place on earth (assuming a pre-tribulation or mid-tribulation rapture).(3) Those who do not believe in either a pre-tribulation or mid-tribulation rapture would likely include all the righteous (Jews and Gentiles) in the Judgment Seat of Christ.

A believer’s eternal destiny (Heaven) will not be determined at the Judgment Seat of Christ. Salvation is forever secured when one places their faith in Christ (Ephesians 2:8–9). However, good works should be a result of our faith in Christ (Ephesians 2:10), which will be evaluated for rewards or loss of rewards (see Figure 24.1).(4)

Screenshot (328)

The Great White Throne Judgment – This judgment will take place at the end of the Millennium. It will be a judgment for the unsaved only, in other words “[a]nyone whose name was not found written in the Book of Life was thrown into the lake of fire” (Revelation 20:11–15).(5) More on this in a later blog.

Up Next – Christ’s Reign.

___________________

References

  1. Walvoord, John F. (1985). Revelation. In J. F. Walvoord & R. B. Zuck (Eds.), The Bible Knowledge Commentary: An Exposition of the Scriptures (Vol. 2, pp. 979–980). Wheaton, IL: Victor Books.
  2. Walvoord, John F. (1985). Revelation. In J. F. Walvoord & R. B. Zuck (Eds.), The Bible Knowledge Commentary: An Exposition of the Scriptures (Vol. 2, pp. 979–980). Wheaton, IL: Victor Books.
  3. Enns, P. P. (1989). The Moody handbook of theology (p. 639). Chicago, IL: Moody Press.
  4. Lowery, D. K. (1985). 2 Corinthians. In J. F. Walvoord & R. B. Zuck (Eds.), The Bible Knowledge Commentary: An Exposition of the Scriptures (Vol. 2, p. 566). Wheaton, IL: Victor Books.
  5. Duffield, G. P., & Van Cleave, N. M. (1983). Foundations of Pentecostal theology (p. 142). Los Angeles, CA: L.I.F.E. Bible College.

 

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

Google photo

You are commenting using your Google account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s